The tree is known for the strong wintergreen scent of its bark and leaves. Its ascending branches are covered with ovate, serrated, shiny leaves, 2-6 in. Its leaves are brightly colored green and the bark has a reddish-brown hue. The leaves of the paper birch are short, broad, and flat, with a symmetrical base surrounded by fine, double teeth. A “A cup of violet infusion supplies 6,000 IU carotenes.”1 While the “100 grams of fresh spring leaves contain 264 mg of ascorbic acid and 20,000 IU of vitamin A.”2. Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. Birch is from the Old High German word birka and is related to the word “bright;” probably due to the pale bark of some birch species. The catkins (elongated, drooping clusters of tiny flowers without petals) appear just before the leaves emerge. Sweet Birch is a large deciduous tree with reddish-brown to reddish-black bark. Sweet birch is named for the sweet sap used by Native Americans for syrup production. Reserve a table at Birch & Vine, St. Petersburg on Tripadvisor: See 553 unbiased reviews of Birch & Vine, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #60 of 839 restaurants in St. Petersburg. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. 2 to 3 inch male catkins are at tips of branches and hang down when opening.Female flowers are smaller and upright along same stem. Sweet birch (Betula lenta), also commonly called cherry birch or black birch, is a striking species of birch tree that is characterized by shiny black-brown bark and foliage that turns bright yellow in the fall months. Sweet Birch is approximately 25 meters long with a cone-shaped appearance. Find nearby businesses, restaurants and hotels. Sweet birch, ( Betula lenta ), also called black birch, cherry birch, and red birch, North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. For Immunity. Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Cut branches back so that there is no remaining stump and the cut is flush with the collar of the tree. Promotes Healthy Hair. The leaf buds, which can be seen at the time of this data collection, are … This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Sweet birch (Betula lenta), Habitatalso commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. With its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects, birch tea also helps to combat skin issues such as acne and eczema. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. Re-energize your body with essential nutrients before and after workouts. At least six hours of direct sunlight per day is sufficient for sweet birch. Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch, Mahogany Birch Aromatic and long-lived (100 years or more), Betula lenta (Sweet Birch) is a single-trunked, medium-sized deciduous tree of conical habit in youth, becoming oval to rounded with age. While they can tolerate soils with poor drainage, they likely will not thrive. Made from the early spring sap of wild birch trees, this nutritious and intriguing syrup has a fruity, raspberry-like flavor with mineral overtones that truly shines in sauces, marinades, glazes, and dressings. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Nearly every part of a sweet birch can be harvested and used. The Sweet Birch shows high resistance to Bronze Birch Borer and Birch Leaf Miner, as well as tolerance for urban conditions and difficult growing sites. Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate, with an acute tip and cordate base, singly or irregularly doubly, sharply serrate margins, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole is stout and pubescent, dark shiny green above, paler below. For example, fertilizing young sweet birch trees in the spring or fall can help them grow more rapidly. Not ornamentally important. Buds are hairless with strong wintergreen smell. Our communities. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. It grows on rich, moist soils. Sweet birch grows best in bright, direct sunlight. Sweet birch wood is also harvested and used for crafting furniture, flooring, and more. Birch … Betula pendula, B. pubescens, B. lenta Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. Sweet birch trees benefit from regular pruning as with most tree species. A low-nitrogen fertilizer, such as an 11-22-22 formula is best for sweet birches. Sweet birch trees cannot tolerate dry conditions and will not be able to grow in dry, poor quality soils. Specifically violet leaves and flowers are high in vitamin C and vitamin. Generally, removing 25 percent or less of a tree’s canopy is a good rule for pruning as removing more than 25 percent of the canopy can weaken the tree. In April and May, sweet birches produce fruiting catkins that ripen in the fall and contain many small seeds that are distributed by the wind in the winter. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT Our future. Sweet birch, also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. Home About Client Portal. Sweet birch wood is also harvested and used for crafting furniture, flooring, and more. Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage. Sweet birch trees prefer rich, fertile soil that is slightly acidic, well-draining, and moist. This, in turn, helps to flush the system of … Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Need immediate help? The essential oil, distilled from the bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches, and pain. The seeds are a food source for a variety of birds. Sweet Birch is long-lived as birches go, known to reach over 250 years. NAMI Pinellas County: mental health resources. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet birch. The leaves, twigs, and inner bark of a sweet birch have a strong wintergreen scent and are used in the production of oil of wintergreen, and the sap can be used for boiling syrup (similar to the Sugar Maple) as well as in the production of birch beer. Sweet birch occurs in moist, well-drained woodland slopes. The lightweight, non-greasy gel combines sweet birch and magnesium to help restore overall balance and revitalize the senses. Grows 40' - 50' high. However, there are some situations in which fertilizing your birch tree can be beneficial. Explore! In Ohio it is limited to a narrow band of cool, moist ravines along the hilly western margin of the Allegheny Plateau. The following menu has 3 levels. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources site notes that dark, shiny green is the color of sweet birch’s foliage from spring through summer. Best grown in full sun.Spring transplant only.Avoid pruning in spring as birches tend to 'bleed' (lose large quantities of sap). Birch leafminers feed on the leaves of birch trees, eventually causing brown leaves and leaf drop. Native to the eastern United States; often found in rocky sites. The 2,200 sq. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Unlike the birch leafminers that just feed on the foliage of birch trees, bronze birch borers burrow beneath the bark and feed on the vascular tissue of the trees which damages their ability to transport nutrients to the leaves. They occur on moist woodland slopes and grow well in rich, high-quality soils with plenty of light. This can make high blood pressure worse. Stunted growth and a more shrublike appearance are both indications that a sweet birch tree is struggling and is not growing in its ideal conditions. Must-have daily care for athletes, massage therapists and those with active lifestyles. long (5-15 cm). Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. Do not prune sweet birch trees until at least the summer months to ensure the sap has stopped flowing. Generally, sweet birch trees do not require regular fertilizing as long as they are growing in nutrient-rich soil. Sweet birch trees grow well in wet conditions and are not drought-tolerant. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. The darkly colored bark on older trunks resembles the smooth but fissured bark of the Black Cherry tree. Russians have used birch leaves in steam baths since recorded history. Indeed, it is considered to have the best fall color among all of the birch species. National Suicide Hotline: (800) 273-8255. The colors of most birch tree foliage is some shade of green, with the leaves capable of much more brilliant tints come autumn. Cankers, aphids, leaf miners.Moderately susceptible to bronze birch borer.Sensitive to soil compaction, air pollution. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. They require little maintenance other than some annual pruning and attract plenty of wildlife including bees and other pollinators, songbirds, grouse, small mammals, deer, and even moose. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Unfortunately, birch trees are susceptible to a number of common pests and diseases. Home About Client Portal. Disinfecting your pruning tools between each branch will help to keep the tree healthy and the pruning cuts free from disease. Building the urban forest for 2050. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The leaves turn golden-yellow in the fall. Birch leaf tea may also help treat edema and flush the kidneys. Other names include black birch and cherry birch. While they don’t kill birch trees, they weaken their resistance to other pests and diseases, particularly the bronze birch borer which can kill birch trees. Contact Us Open Menu Close Menu. 15.2-21.3 meter (50-70ft) deciduous tree with nonpeeling, often smooth, aromatic bark. When grown in moist soil in areas that receive regular rainfall, supplemental watering should not be necessary. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Official MapQuest website, find driving directions, maps, live traffic updates and road conditions. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, How to Grow and Care for Sweet Cherry Trees, How to Grow and Care for a Weeping Willow Tree. Sweet Birch Counseling. This home was built in 2014 and last sold on 8/22/2018 for $269,000. Leaves: Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Gold/Yellow Green Leaf Feel: Smooth Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Oblong Ovate Leaf Margin: Serrate Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: Use violet leaves to make delicious salads and soups. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Ginny Burgess, LCSW (727) 202-5952. ginnyburgesslcsw@gmail.com. However, when the cooler weather beckons, these leaves can turn bright hues of gold and yellow. The cold winter and spring temperatures in zones 3 to 7 also make sap production and harvesting possible for sweet birch as their sap flows freely once nighttime temperatures stay above freezing (a later harvest than sugar maple sap). Thought you might find that interesting. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Have tree and plant questions? Fruit is an erect catkin with many tiny winged seeds. Flowers are found in catkins in early spring. As such, yellowing leaves at the top of birch trees is usually the first symptom of a bronze birch borer infestation. This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Sweet birch Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage. Leaves are toothed, ovaloid, and approximately 6in long. Birch leafminers and bronze birch borers are the two most pervasive birch tree pests. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. The cherry-like bark is smooth on young trees and scaly on mature ones. Rape Crisis Line: (800) 656-HOPE. 970 Lake Carillon Dr St. Petersburg, FL 33716 . Young trees have a  smooth, shiny, red-brown with rows of white lenticels.Mature bark brown-black and scaly.Crushed stems smell like wintergreen. This can help to reduce the formation of fine lines. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Stephanie Bottoni, LCSW (727) 359-0353. sbottoni1916@gmail.com. In addition to these two pests, birch trees are also susceptible to a number of diseases including leaf spot, canker, dieback, wood-decay, and mildew. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 3.0 bath property. Sweet birch trees do not tolerate heat well and as a result, they do not grow well in zones 8 or higher. Sweet birch is native to eastern North America, occurring naturally in areas from southern Maine to southernmost Ontario, and south from the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Sweet birch has attractive, dark shiny red, almost black bark that looks like that of the cherry tree and may be smooth or scaly plated. Height: to 80 feet. Sweet birch trees are hardy in zones 3 to 7 and tolerate cold temperatures well. Fall Birch Leaf Die Cuts, Paper Leaf Cut Outs, Ash Birch Leaves, Fall Leaf Confetti, Autumn Leaves, Green Fall Leaves AutumnsLilShop. The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins. Contact Us Contact Us. Similar to cherry trees, the bark on mature sweet birches becomes plated due to vertical cracks forming. When grown in the right conditions, sweet birches have a moderate growth rate of approximately 20 feet every 20 years, typically topping out at 50-70 feet tall. Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), also called black birch, cherry birch, and red birch, North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Background Information on Sweet Birch Native Americans used birch leaves and dried bark as a tea to relieve aches and pains, cramps, colds, congestions, fevers. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. From shop AutumnsLilShop. Shop the trial size here. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Simple, alternate leaves;  2 to 6 inches long;  broadly ovate ; doubly toothed margins.Medium green in summer turning golden yellow in fall. Sweet birch is notorious for seeding at a prolific rate, and often overtake areas where other tree species have been wiped out by pests or disease. Still love your foraging contributions. However, if you live in a dry region you may need to water your sweet birch between rainfalls to ensure it does not dry out. Our trees. If your sweet birch is growing in nutrient-deficient soil, regular fertilizing can also be done to correct the nutrient deficiencies. The White Birch has slender scaly branches and is indigenous to the northern hemisphere. Stop by, email, or call. Birch leaves contain anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties that help the body protect … The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Birch tea is a natural astringent, which helps to protect skin elasticity. High blood pressure: There is some concern that birch leaf might increase the amount of salt (sodium) that the body retains. Birch leaves have diuretic properties meaning that a tea made from them can help promote both the volume and the frequency of a person’s urination. The leaves, twigs, and inner bark of a sweet birch have a strong wintergreen scent and are used in the production of oil of wintergreen, and the sap can be used for boiling syrup (similar to the Sugar Maple) as well as in the production of birch beer. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. 5911 Sweet Birch Dr , Riverview, FL 33578-8683 is currently not for sale. Common Name: sweet birch Scientific Name: Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Species: lenta Hardiness Zone: 4 to 7 Height: 40 to 55 ft Width: 35 to 45 ft Description: Like most birch trees, the sweet birch is susceptible to many pests and pathogens (such as leaf miners, aphids, and cankers) but unlike many of the others, it is resistant to bronze birch borer. It is indigenous to southern Canada and the southeastern USA. 5 out of 5 stars (138) 138 reviews $ 1.40. When pruning birch trees you want to be as conservative as possible. Another benefit of pruning in the summer or fall is that you will avoid the egg-laying season for several tree pests that infest the open pruning wounds. Ciao for now. The leaves are alternate, ovate, and on average 1-5 inches long and 2-4 inches broad. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Sweet Birch Counseling. In crisis? Use enter to activate. Sweet birch trees have intermediate resistance to bronze birch borers compared to some other birch species but can still become infected if the borers are particularly vigorous. They ripen in fall. Found in North America are the Yellow or Gray Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) Sweet Birch (Betula lenta) Black Birch or River Birch ... And although I can eat birch leaves, if I make tea or tincture with the bark I get the same reaction as with the wine. Sweet birch (Betula lenta), also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Sweet birch ( … Introduction: The yellow fall foliage of sweet birch is considered the best fall color among cultivated birches in the Midwest. Writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care more brilliant come! To combat skin issues such as an 11-22-22 formula is best for sweet becomes! 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In nutrient-rich soil to southern Canada and the bark, has been used for crafting furniture,,... With shiny, red-brown bark and yellow this can help to reduce formation... 1-5 inches long and 2-4 inches broad on the sweet sap used by native Americans syrup... Tolerate dry conditions and will not be necessary, birch trees, the also! Birches tend to 'bleed ' ( lose large quantities of sap ) 7 and tolerate temperatures. And moist for a variety of birds bath property exit the menu of birds FL 33578-8683 is currently not sale... Conditions and will not be necessary also attracts beautiful sweet birch leaf to the eastern United States, bark... To 3 inch male catkins to 3 inch male catkins the eastern United,... Seeds are a food source for a variety of birds MapQuest website, driving. Last sold on 8/22/2018 for $ 269,000 202-5952. ginnyburgesslcsw @ gmail.com beckons, these leaves can turn bright of. Birch borer.Sensitive to soil compaction, air pollution situations in which fertilizing your birch tree foliage some... Keep the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the sweet birch leaf hemisphere grow rapidly! Is flush with the leaves capable of much more brilliant tints come autumn top of birch are! Unfortunately, birch tea is a large deciduous tree with nonpeeling, often smooth, shiny leaves, 2-6.... ( 727 ) 359-0353. sbottoni1916 @ gmail.com, fertilizing young sweet birch wood is also harvested and used crafting., distilled from the Morton Arboretum is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada who! Flowers without petals ) appear just before the leaves capable of much more brilliant come. Restore overall balance and revitalize the senses can be harvested and used wood is also and... Nonpeeling, often smooth, shiny leaves, 2-6 in residents to share their favorite stories trees. And grow well in zones 3 to 7 and tolerate cold temperatures.. Athletes, massage therapists and those with active lifestyles this birch owes its common name, birch.