7-9, 12-13) are unhelpful anachronisms; they signpost the author’s investment in a post-reformation understanding of witches rather than uncovering an ancient one. (eds) Small Finds and Ancient Social Practices in the Northwest Provinces of the Roman Empire. Trials for Erotic Magic. The underpinning was based on a 2006 research grant from the University of Sydney to study the role of animals in Greek and Roman magic. 1-19, pp.8. 101 N. Merion Ave., Athens. A voodoo doll with bound arms and needles, via Wikimedia. ‘Circe offering the cup to Odysseus’ by John William Waterhouse, 1891, via Wikipedia. These objects provide a prime example of ‘white’ magic since they were believed to cure ailments and offer protection to the wearer or user. Watson’s work is clearly born from great experience and expertise with Classical literature, and its central theme that ancient magic was a “profoundly pragmatic business with concrete, clearly delineated aims” (p.3) remains both noble and welcome; it is a concept that has further room for growth. In Greece, examples have been discovered which date from the fourth century B.C. The Transformation of Greek Amulets in Roman Imperial Times. The History of Egyptian Hieroglyphs and the Rosetta Stone, A curse tablet with nail holes, via Wikimedia. Bryn Mawr PA 19010. This name, which references an ancient Roman social practice, has caused considerable speculation in modern literature. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: Ancient Greece and Rome. The study of magic in the Greco-Roman world is a branch of the disciplines of classics, ancient history and religious studies. Practitioners of magic would often prescribe charms or spoken spells to be used with the amulet. It is this non-textual, archaeological/material evidence that may, at least in part, undermine or subvert Watson’s text-informed argument. The edited volumes by Boschung and Bremmer (2015),[1] Houlbrook and Armitage (2015),[2] and the book by Wilburn (2012) are cases in point. Materia Magica: The Archaeology of Magic in Roman Egypt, Cyprus, and Spain. It is clear that Plato's character thinks that magic, as a technique or technology, should be punished, but this is stated nowhere in ancient Greek or Roman law, which focuses instead on the use to which magic is put--if you murder someone with poison or a magic spell, the punishment is death. Additional supporting imagery surrounding the material and sensory nature of Watson’s ‘pragmatic magic’ would have been beneficial. This anxiety was mitigated by the use of a number of divinatory practices, including consultation with seers, oracles, and other specialists in predicting the future and interpreting signs and omens. Made of wax, in the likeness of an enemy, figurines were buried in graves so that they might receive harsh treatment from the god of the afterlife, Osiris. If you were a Roman emperor, and if you happened to take your name from a sartorial choice, the odds are that the judgment... Royal portraits represent an important part of the history of painting. People wore objects engraved with the letters to protect themselves from evil spirits as well as plagues. ‘Preface: The Materiality of Magic’, in Boschung, Dietrich and Bremmer, Jan. N. (eds) The Materiality of Magic (Morphomata 20). They originated as a mysterious set of letters, with no grammatical meaning, allegedly engraved on the cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus. Oxford, Oxbow. The biggest issue with this text, however, remains its limited view of what comprised the corpus of ancient magic. Chapter 5 is in fact written not by the author but by the author’s partner, who is not given a full co-author credit on the cover. But from the examples we have today, what is clear is that it transcended boundaries of gender and social status. 15 Of The Strangest Customs From Ancient Rome. By Rahul Krishna Mar 04, 2017. Watson’s 2019 Magic in Ancient Greece and Rome is, by the author’s prefaced account, a book with a long gestation. Magic in Roman Law and Legal History. One concludes that Watson suggests extensive overlap/continuity in the practices and, in part, presumes that readers will bring with them a sufficient knowledge of the Classical world to identify these – sometimes – nuanced  differences. About Magic in Ancient Greece and Rome Parting company with the trend in recent scholarship to treat the subject in abstract, highly theoretical terms, Magic in Ancient Greece and Rome proposes that the magic-working of antiquity was in reality a highly pragmatic business, with very clearly formulated aims - often of an exceedingly maligant kind. Understanding that the reductive male portrayals of supernatural women are just that – reductive – is important, but the chapter is unable fully to correct this revisionist view without the use of archaeological evidence of actual ritual practices to show whether they might have been undertaken by men, or women, or were egalitarian in their outlook. Her particular areas of interest are Latin language and literature as well as Roman art and epigraphy. This volume presents a good overview of the place of 'magic' in the Greek and Roman worlds. For those aiming at a potential lover, needles were often placed at the eyes, mouth and sexual organs, not to induce harm but to encourage arousal. "—Peter Green, New Republic "An exceptional historical and social analysis of a subject of enduring interest. Having a different author for only one chapter is a little baffling. 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